U.S. Statistics on Women and Minorities on Farms and in Rural Areas

U.S. Statistics on Women and Minorities on Farms and in Rural Areas

 

Compiled by:

Mary V. Gold and Becky Thompson
The Alternative Farming Systems Information Center (AFSIC)
National Agricultural Library (NAL)
U.S. Department of Agriculture
10301 Baltimore Avenue
Beltsville, MD 20705-2351

Revised September 2014

  1. Characteristics of Women Farm Operators and Their Farms.
    By Robert Hoppe and Penni Korb. Economic Information Bulletin No. (EIB-111). USDA. Economic Research Service. April 2013. 51 pp.
    http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/eib-economic-information-bulletin/eib111.aspx#.U3uopSiyTl8
    "The share of U.S. farms operated by women nearly tripled over the past three decades. Using Census of Agriculture data from 1978 through 2007, this report provides detailed information about women farmers and the types of farms they operate."

  2. Socially Disadvantaged Farmers: Race, Hispanic Origin & Gender.
    USDA. Economic Research Service.
    http://www.ers.usda.gov/topics/farm-economy/beginning-disadvantaged-farmers/socially-disadvantaged-farmers-race,-hispanic-origin,-and-gender.aspx#.VEaDsRax39V
    From the ERS Beginning and Disadvantaged Farmers topic pages; features U.S. Census data and charts on the gender and race of farm operators in the United States.





2012 Census of Agriculture



2012 Census of Agriculture Fact Sheets
USDA. National Agricultural Statistics Service.
Fact sheets combine narrative and data to illustrate current trends among U.S. farmers and agricultural operations. [Issued September 2014.]

Farms and Farm Operators: Tables, Maps and Reports from the USDA 2012 Census of Agriculture.
2012 Census or Agriculture. United States Summary and State Data. [PDF, 5.35 MB]
Vol. 1, Geographic Area Series, Part 51. AC12-A-51. Issued May 2014.
USDA. National Agricultural Statistics Service.
Full Report: http://www.agcensus.usda.gov/Publications/2012/Full_Report/Volume_1,_Chapter_1_US/usv1.pdf
Data include number of farms and acreage owned or rented; market value of products sold and government payments; farms owned by size, farms owned by commodity produced, and more.

Volume 1 Chapter 1:  U.S. National Level Data
http://www.agcensus.usda.gov/Publications/2012/Full_Report/Volume_1,_Chapter_1_US/

See the following selected tables:

  • Table 53. Institutional, Research, Experimental, and American Indian Reservation Farms: 2012 [33 KB]
  • Table 56. Women Principal Operators - Selected Farm Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 [77 KB]
  • Table 57. Women Operators - Selected Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007[66 KB]
  • Table 58. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Principal Operators - Selected Farm Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 [35 KB]
  • Table 59. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Operators - Selected Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 [25 KB]
  • Table 60. Selected Farm Characteristics by Race of Principal Operator: 2012 and 2007 [153 KB]
  • Table 61. Selected Farm Characteristics by Race: 2012 [71 KB]
  • Table 62. Selected Principal Operator Characteristics by Race: 2012 and 2007 [48 KB]
  • Table 63. Selected Operator Characteristics by Race: 2012 [38 KB]
  • Table 68. Summary by North American Industry Classification System: 2012 [1,430 KB]

Volume 1 Chapter 2:  U.S. State Level Data
http://www.agcensus.usda.gov/Publications/2012/Full_Report/
Volume_1,_Chapter_2_US_State_Level/

See the following selected tables:

  • Table 45. Selected Operation and Operator Characteristics: 2012 and 2007 [716 KB]
  • Table 46. Women Principal Operators - Selected Farm Characteristics: 2012 [87 KB]
  • Table 47. Women Operators: 2012 [26 KB]
  • Table 48. Women Principal Operators - Tenure: 2012 [83 KB]
  • Table 49. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Operators: 2012 [26 KB]
  • Table 50. American Indian or Alaska Native Operators: 2012 [26 KB]
  • Table 51. Asian Operators: 2012 [26 KB]
  • Table 52. Black or African American Operators: 2012 [26 KB]
  • Table 53. Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Operators: 2012 [24 KB]
  • Table 55. Operators Reporting More Than One Race: 2012 [26 KB]

Agricultural Atlas of the United States: 2012 Census of Agriculture, Maps and Cartographic Resources.
USDA. National Agricultural Statistics Service.
http://www.agcensus.usda.gov/Publications/2012/Online_Resources/Ag_Atlas_Maps/Operators/
Characteristics of Farm Operators Maps

  • Percent of Farms with Female Principal Operators: 2012 (GIF | PDF [1,384 KB])
  • Number of Farms with American Indian or Alaska Native Operators: 2012 (GIF | PDF [842 KB])
  • Number of Farms with Asian Operators: 2012 (GIF | PDF [791 KB])
  • Number of Farms with Black or African American Operators: 2012 (GIF | PDF [826 KB])
  • Number of Farms with Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Operators: 2012 (GIF | PDF [765 KB])
  • Number of Farms with Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Operators: 2012 (GIF | PDF [860 KB])




2007 Census of Agriculture



2007 Census of Agriculture Fact Sheets
USDA. National Agricultural Statistics Service.
Fact sheets combine narrative and data to illustrate current trends among U.S. farmers and agricultural operations.

Farms and Farm Operators: Tables, Maps and Reports from the USDA 2007 Census of Agriculture.
2007 Census or Agriculture. United States Summary and State Data. [PDF, 6.58 MB]
Vol. 1, Geographic Area Series, Part 51. AC2009-A51. Issued February 2009.
USDA. National Agricultural Statistics Service.
Full Report: http://www.agcensus.usda.gov/Publications/2007/Full_Report/usv1.pdf

Data include number of farms and acreage owned or rented; market value of products sold and government payments; farms owned by size, farms owned by commodity produced, and more.

Volume 1 Chapter 1:  U.S. National Level Data
http://www.agcensus.usda.gov/Publications/2007/Full_Report/Volume_1,_Chapter_1_US/

See the following selected tables:

  • Table 47. Institutional, Research, Experimental, and American Indian Reservation Farms: 2007 [66 KB]
  • Table 50. Women Principal Operators - Selected Farm Characteristics: 2007 and 2002 [72 KB]
  • Table 51. Women Operators - Selected Operator Characteristics: 2007 and 2002 [62 KB]
  • Table 52. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Principal Operators - Selected Farm Characteristics: 2007 and 2002 [72 KB]
  • Table 53. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Operators - Selected Operator Characteristics: 2007 and 2002 [65 KB]
  • Table 54. Selected Farm Characteristics by Race of Principal Operator: 2007 and 2002 [92 KB]
  • Table 55. Selected Farm Characteristics by Race: 2007 [77 KB]
  • Table 56. Selected Principal Operator Characteristics by Race: 2007 and 2002 [77 KB]
  • Table 57. Selected Operator Characteristics by Race: 2007 [67 KB]
  • Table 62. Summary by North American Industry Classification System: 2007 [305 KB]

Volume 1 Chapter 2:  U.S. State Level Data
http://www.agcensus.usda.gov/Publications/2007/Full_Report/
Volume_1,_Chapter_2_US_State_Level/

See the following selected tables:

  • Table 46. Selected Operation and Operator Characteristics: 2007 and 2002 [207 KB]
  • Table 47. Women Principal Operators - Selected Farm Characteristics: 2007 [69 KB]
  • Table 48. Women Operators: 2007 [65 KB]
  • Table 49. Women Principal Operators - Tenure: 2007 [68 KB]
  • Table 50. Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Operators: 2007 [65 KB]
  • Table 51. American Indian or Alaska Native Operators: 2007 [66 KB]
  • Table 52. Asian Operators: 2007 [64 KB]
  • Table 53. Black or African American Operators: 2007 [ KB]
  • Table 54. Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Operators: 2007 [65 KB]
  • Table 56. Operators Reporting More Than One Race: 2007 [66 KB]

Agricultural Atlas of the United States: 2007 Census of Agriculture, Maps and Cartographic Resources.
Characteristics of Farm Operators Maps.
USDA. National Agricultural Statistics Service.
http://www.agcensus.usda.gov/Publications/2007/Online_Highlights/Ag_Atlas_Maps/
Operators/

  • Percent of Farms with Female Principal Operators: 2007 (GIF | PDF [394 KB])
  • Number of Farms with American Indian or Alaska Native Operators: 2007 (GIF | PDF [461 KB])
  • Number of Farms with Asian Operators: 2007 (GIF | PDF [293 KB])
  • Number of Farms with Black or African American Operators: 2007 (GIF | PDF [400 KB])
  • Number of Farms with Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Operators: 2007 (GIF | PDF [220 KB])
  • Number of Farms with Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin Operators: 2007 (GIF | PDF [598 KB])