Organic Culture: Crops and Gardening

Interested in organic agriculture? Whether you're a small-scale farmer or backyard gardener, there are a variety of crops to sow including tomatoes, cotton, grapes, flowers, potatoes, corn, peaches and cucumbers.

A man looks at seeds with magnifying glass. [Source: IStock International, Inc.] Finding "Organic": Search Strategies and Terminology

USDA. NAL. Alternative Farming Systems Information Center.

Defines common terminology used to describe organic food and fiber production systems, practices, markets and commodities.

Crop Conversion Calculator

Rodale Institute.

Create a side-by-side comparison of conventional and organic management of crop(s) and acreage on your farm.

Organic Weed Control Toolbox


Describes tools and methods that can be used instead of chemical herbicides to prevent or manage weeds in organic vegetable production.

Organic Weed Management Topics


Presents a series of articles, resources and video clips that cover a systems approach to organic weed management, ecological techniques, preventive practices, control practices, and case studies.

Organic Garden Weed Management Web Site

Cornell University. Weed Ecology Research Group.

Identifies the weed species common in New York, summarizes control strategies and briefly describes "various aspects of the species' ecology."

Organic Seed Finder

Association of Official Seed Certifying Agencies (AOSCA)

Database of organic seed vendors searchable by field crops, fruits and vegetables, and other organic crops.

Organic Gardening: A Guide to Resources. 1989-September 2003

USDA. NAL. Alternative Farming Systems Information Center.

This bibliography is intended for organic gardeners and small-scale organic farmers. Covers gardening techniques, plant varieties, geographic locations and philosophies. Addresses landscaping, soil fertility, edible plants, ornamental plants, pest control and various aspects of an "organic lifestyle." Updates Organic Gardening, a guide to resources published before 1989.

Organic Vegetable Gardening Techniques

University of Missouri. Cooperative Extension Service.

Focuses on improving and maintaining soil fertility when transitioning to organic gardening. Discusses sources of organic matter, organic fertilizers and management of diseases, weeds and pests.

Organic Vegetable Production Virtual Field Days

University of Florida. Cooperative Extension Service.

Researchers and Cooperative Extension specialists discuss organic crop production, pest management, and marketing and economics. Each video in the series includes links to related videos, Extension publications, and resources and contacts.

NCAT's Organic Crops Workbook: A Guide to Sustainable and Allowed Practices

National Center for Appropriate Technology. ATTRA - National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service.

NCAT's Organic Crops Workbook: A Guide to Sustainable and Allowed Practices
Intended for organic farmers, beginning farmers and those transitioning to organic methods. Helps farmers understand the National Organic Standards and the certification process. Describes and links to ATTRA's organic agriculture resources.

Transitioning to Organic Production

Sustainable Agriculture Network.

Introduces organic farming, discusses economic issues and addresses the transition to organic production. Includes farmer profiles.

Organic Transition: A Business Planner for Farmers, Ranchers and Food Entrepreneurs

USDA. Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education.

"Assist[s] farmers, ranchers and food business owners (new or experienced, small- or large-scale) interested in exploring transition strategies prior to becoming certified organic." "[A]ddresses organic certification requirements as they pertain to or affect business planning; however, the Planner is not a comprehensive guide to becoming certified organic."

Two hands holding organic seeds. Organic Seed Suppliers Search

National Center for Appropriate Technology. ATTRA - National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service.

Provides sources for organic seed of both agronomic and horticultural crops with an emphasis on small alternative seed companies offering open-pollinated vegetable, flower and herb seed.

Saving Our Seed Project.

Saving Our Seed Project.

Provides a collection of seed production resources, publications covering production of a variety of seeds, heirloom seed sourcing resources, a seed saving toolbox and information about the One Seed At A Time program, a Southeast seed bank and curation facility.